**The Democracy Science series** and all my other
books may be obtained in epub format from my Smashwords
page.

Three free e-books on electoral reform and research are linked here: as pdf files.

(*More information about the books is linked near the foot of this home
page.*)

The 1918 extension of the franchise is characterised as giving the People "the vote," what it actually gave was the stub vote, a non-transferable vote. This is as impractical as commerce would be, without insurance.

Giving "the vote" to women over thirty, for the first time, elected just one woman, one enormously rich woman, because the government defaulted on its under-taking to endorse the compromise deal of the Speakers Conference on Electoral Reform, by disposing of STV to Parliament, that would lose its safe seats by it, but keeping the lost deposit, that made elections a rich mans game.

No working man or woman could enter Parliament without vetting by mass-funded trade unions. Single member constituencies also acted against women being represented, indeed against the proportional representation of all social attributes (not just parties), afforded by STV giving Proportional Representation as Personal Representation.

An unrecognised centenary worth celebrating (rather than something to be half-ashamed-of) is:

(quoted by Hoag and Hallett, Proportional Representation, from: In The Fourth Year [1918] and discussed in first part of my book, FAB STV:...)

- Foul! Referee electoral system abuse.
- The Two Cultures and electoral lawlessness in Britain...

- Simple examples of election counts by single transferable vote (STV). And Meek method.
- Scientific method of elections:

How To Do It.

How*Not*To Do It . - A functional theory of testing mismeasured election methods.

single transferable vote (STV) justification.

More pages:

- British Columbia chooses a voting system.
- Citizens Assemblies of Canada choose a voting system.
- STV elections, not single member exclusions nor list appointments.
- Ontario Citizens Assembly and due process for future assemblies.
- "One Ballot. Two Votes." as a premature report... (And Ontario CA "Democracy At Work.")
- Parties sabotaged the BC Citizens Assembly and referendum experiment.

- Choice Voting America? (Proportional Representation by Single Transferable Vote: STV/PR.)
- The Straw Man Referendum on the Alternative Vote in the UK.
- The duncing of a nation: How misrepresentation won the AV referendum.
- Consultation on Scotlands electoral future.

- The Kerley report on Scottish local democracy.
- The Sunderland report on Welsh local elections.
- The Arbuthnott report:
*Not*"putting citizens first" for Scottish parliament.

The Richard Report on the Welsh Assembly. - The Power commission "Power to the People" ?

Liberating democracy from Impossibility Theorem.

Binomial STV and the Harmonic Mean quota.

The Four Loves: romance, friendship, affection and charity. (From C S Lewis)

Sigmund Freud and CG Jung:

seeking the whole man thru a democracy of ones selfs.

The moral sciences as the ethics of scientific method.

Science is ethics or "electics."

*A synthesis of deterministic & statistical world-views.*

Relativity theory and election method.

The determined dishonesty of atomic energy.

Nuclear deterence threatens its own world war crime.

- Compromis Speling and the humbl Apostrofe as savior of English Literasy.
- Get REAL: Rational English Alfabet Literacy.
- English Spelling Priorities: the ESP alfabet.
- English Speling Alfabet and World Roman
Alfabet.
- Measurement of language and logic.
- Libraries as infrastructure of democracy, and information-rich standing polling stations. Against library closures.
Index to some early (unrevised) pages in simpler English spelling.

*En français:* (In French)

Modèle Scientifique du Procès Electoral. (Scrutin Transferable: Single Transferable Vote.)

- Mach principle applied to Mathematics and Special Relativity, and a Caldera model of the Cosmos.
- The Minkowski Interval predicts the Michelson-Morley experiment.

- Interval symmetry, of radius magnitude
besides rotation direction, implies momentum vector conservation.

- Statistical basis of Differentiation and Geometric Mean Differentiation of an Interval acceleration.
- An hour-glass universe.
- Random choice models for a GM derivative of a Thermo-dynamic Relativity.

- The Michelson-Morley null result as a linear-angular momentum conservation.
- Special Relativity as an Observers Agreement of Averages.
- The Michelson-Morley experiment satisfies the Principle of Least Action.
- The exponential function as geometric mean derivative of Fibonacci algebra.
- Minkowski Relativistic time-reversal in Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen and double-slit quantum experiments.

- Commentary On W W Sawyer:
*A Path To Modern Mathematics.*

(1) Fibonacci series and damped wave equation.

(2) Circular function and wave equation.

(3) Coupled oscillator and wave equation. - Pascal triangle and Pascal-Fibonacci triangle converted into wave graphs.
- The diffusion equation as a finite difference equation.
- Laplace equation, the diffusion equation, as finite difference equations in two dimensions, or more.

- A measure of evolution. Diffusion equation of natural selection and elections.
- Scientific theories and methods modeled on natural selection.
- Conditioning and instinct.

- Electoral meaning to Buffon's needle; Complex probability and Infinitely perfect numbers.
- Maths of Physics and Politics.
- Penrose dodecahedrons:

(1) in preference permutations.

(2) 'electorally' interpreted.

Getting Ideas: How I dreamt my life away

*and survey of this site*. (However, this was before the e-book age and my
more recent findings.)

Simpler English spelings Home page of some early versions to these pages. (More consistent than conventional English, tho superseded by my later spelling reforms.)

Relegated pages (or junk-yard).

2, Dates and Dorothy;

3. He's a Good Dog. (He just doesn't like you to laf.);

4. In The Meadow Of Night;

5 Radical!

Four e-books on electoral reform & research may be down-loaded free, in epub format from Smashwords, or (3 of them) as pdf files from the pdf archive. Also available, minimally priced, from Amazon. Down-loading the Calibre program enables reading e-books in many formats.

(Four more e-books available from Smashwords in epub format.)

came out of copyright, 70 years after his death. Wells might have been dismayed to find that he is still ahead of his time, not least on electoral reform. The first part of "FAB STV:..." assesses his contribution.

I have also edited and published his main writings on "sane voting" in one
substantial book (amongst the others shown on my Smashwords page, linked at top
of this home page): *The Angels Weep: H.G. Wells on Electoral
Reform.*

A bibliography with quotes also includes minor references by Wells on proportional representation and economic representation: World peace thru democracy: HG Wells neglected third phase.

(After many years, this site has been released from its former host, and now finds a home here.)

Wikipedia has a Dorothy Cowlin biography.

June 2018.

e-mail: voting[at]ukscientists[dot]com

Copyright © Richard Lung.

*This Democracy Science site began in Spring 1999 at a former
venue.*